Most women experience some discomfort with their periods at sometime in their live. Periods pain or cramps are usually felt in the lower abdomen and sometime down the inside of the legs and in the lower back. The pain can be sharp and spasmodic, coming in waves or it may continuous ache. It usually starts soon after the period starts but sometime the pain begins before the bleeding. Period pains last anything from a few hours to two to three days. Pain can be accompanied by sickness, nausea, faintness, diarrhea or constipation. Some women have no trouble at all and others have slight but manageable cramps. For some women period pain are severe and they feel so unwell and faint that they function below par, or occasionally need a day or two off work.
Who gets period pain and when?
Common in younger women, in their teens and early 20s. They generally improved or disappear as you get older.
Causes of period pains
It cause by the normal biological processes involved in periods. During periods the womb contracts slightly in a rhythmical way. Women with period pains seem to have particularly strong womb contractions at the start of their periods. The strong contractions cut off the supply of blood and oxygen to the muscles of the womb. As the result, the womb muscles cramped.
Hormones called prostaglandins cause the womb to contract. Women who have painful periods have large amounts of prostaglandins in the womb. Prostaglandins may also cause the headaches, dizziness, sickness and diarrhea.
Self help for period pains
- Have a warm bath.
- Avoid tea and coffee – This because caffeine can irritate your stomach.
- Always have hot drinks.
- Relaxation exercise and to breathe deeply (This bring oxygen to your cramping muscles)
- Calcium & Magnesium supplementation – Extra calcium intake might help to reduce the muscle cramps thus reduced the period pains.
- Massage – Rubbing and massaging your pelvic area and lower back help you to relax your pelvis.
- Have plenty of
- whole grains: brown rice, whole-grain bread, oatmeal, etc.
- vegetables: broccoli, spinach, carrots, sweet potatoes, Swiss chard, Brussels sprouts, etc.
- legumes: beans, peas, lentils